A monthly report highlighting recent scholarly publications relating to the contemporary North Caucasus.
Inclusion does not constitute endorsement. If there are any publications I’ve missed or you think should be included in the next report, please flag it via Twitter or email.
Tarín-Sanz and Ter-Ferrer (2018) ‘Lack of Rule of Law as a Push Factor Leading to Violent Radicalization in the North Caucasus (2002–2015)’
Abstract: Following the collapse of the USSR, a violent jihadist organization called the Caucasus Emirate emerged in Russia, before subsequently splitting up in 2015 when most of its members swore allegiance to the Islamic State. The root causes of violent radicalization are complex but, according to the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), there are certain universal “push factors”: perceptions of injustice, human rights violations, lack of rule of law, social-political exclusion and widespread corruption. Since all the factors coincide in the North Caucasus, the hypothesis of this study is that the lack of rule of law has been one of the main push factors leading to violent extremism in the specific case of the Republic of Ingushetia.
Reference: Tarín-Sanz, Adrián and Ter-Ferrer, Marta (2018) ‘Lack of Rule of Law as a Push Factor Leading to Violent Radicalization in the North Caucasus (2002–2015),’Caucasus Survey, DOI: 10.1080/23761199.2018.1471843.
Iliyasov (2018) ‘Chechen Ethnic Identity: Assessing the Shift From Resistance to Submission.’
Abstract: This article critically assesses the ostensible transformation in Chechen ethnic identity. Journalists and scholars who came to this conclusion based their claim on obvious changes in Chechen behavior. The brave and irreconcilable resistance the nation demonstrated during the First and the Second Russo-Chechen Wars of 1994–1996 and 1999–2009, respectively, was replaced by a submissive and loyal stance with regard to the new authorities and recent enemies. This article investigates whether such a change in behavior reflects a corresponding change in ethnic identity. This article asserts that ‘non-Chechen’ behavioral models do not signify changes in Chechen ethnic identity by presenting and analyzing Chechen narratives concerning the question. In summary, this article concludes that the ethnic identity of the nation remained mainly untouched. This conclusion is supported by the observed continuity of Chechen resistance, which has always been driven by cherished values such as freedom.
Reference: Iliyasov, Marat (2018) ‘Chechen Ethnic Identity: Assessing the Shift From Resistance to Submission,’ Middle Eastern Studies, 54:3, pp. 475-493, DOI: 10.1080/00263206.2018.1423967.